short introduction to Scotland
Scotland and its people
Scotland forms the most northerly of the countries that currently make
up the United Kingdom. It has been part of the United Kingdom since the
signing of the Act of
Union in the year 1707. It covers the northern part of
Great Britain, and occupies 32%
of the surface area of the United Kingdom: however its population of 5.5
million is only 8.4%, of the population of Britain, and has grown only
marginally over the last forty years.
With just 68 people per sq. km. (compared to over
400 per sq.km. in England), Scotland is one of the least
densely-populated countries in the European Union. In the Scottish
Highlands and Islands, the population density falls to just 9 people
per sq. km, making this one of the most sparsely populated areas of
Europe, comparable only to northern Scandinavia.
has voted to remain part of the United Kingdom. Scots voters delivered
a clear message, with 55% of voters rejecting the plan for Scottish
independence. In fact, 28 out of 32 Scottish regions rejected
independence, with only four urban areas in Dundee and around Glasgow
coming out in favour of secession. Perhaps more significant than the
overall result was the fact that in 9 of the 32 regions, less than 40%
of voters wanted independence for their country.
the Scottish highlands
Areas of Scotland
In geographical and economic terms, Scotland can
be divided into four areas:
These are not administrative
administration and tourism, Scotland is today divided into 32
areas of very different sizes, including cities, ancient counties, and
larger diverse areas.
- the Borders,
being the hill country of the southern part of Scotland. Increasingly
forested hills and valleys with a number of small towns, and some
famous salmon fishing rivers
- the Central
Lowlands, the valleys of the Forth and Clyde, including
the cities of Edinburgh Glasgow and Stirling. This area is
home to the majority of the population of Scotland, and comprises a mix
of urban and rural areas.
- the Eastern
Lowlands, from the Tay to the Moray Firth, including the
cities of Dundee and Aberdeen. This area includes much rich and fertile
agricultural land, notably between the river Tay and the Grampian
- the Highlands
and Islands - beginning just north of Glasgow,
Stirling and Dundee, the Highlands are a much larger area than the
eponymous administrative area. They include several of the highest
peaks in Britain, notably the highest point, the summit of Ben Nevis
at 1,344 m (4,409 ft).
Scotland has four large cities.
on the Firth of Forth (a firth
is etymologically the same word as fijord)
, is the historic, cultural and administrative capital of Scotland.
With its castle, art galleries, historic "New Town" (a UNESCO world
heritage site), and fine shopping streets, It is arguably the most
attractive large city in the British Isles, and a very popular tourist
to the west, on the Firth of Clyde, is the industrial capital of
Scotland, and its largest city. Glasgow also has a strong cultural
heritage and some major museums, and is close to a very attractive area
called the Trossachs.
once famed for "Jute, Journals and Jam" is a former industrial city on
the Firth of Tay, which has developed more modern high-tech
specialisations in Video games and Life Sciences.
north of Dundee on the east coast, is called the "Dallas" of
Scotland, being the main shore base and centre for the UK
North Sea oil industry, which has brought considerable wealth to the
- the spirit and taste and sounds of Scotland
Scotland is a country with a remarkably strong cultural identity; and
there are five items that are strongly associated with
Scotland and Scottish life, the world over.
Scotland's main tourist sites: see Tourist
- probably the best know spirit in the
world, whisky (not whiskey) from Scotland, also known as Scotch, is a
product that is intimately connected with the country. Scotch whisky
comes in two main types - grain whisky and malt whisky. Most grain
whisky is blended whisky, and this forms the majority of the production
of Scotch whisky. Malt whisky, most often seen as Single malt whisky,
is whisky produced from a single distilling in a single distillery.
Single malts are the most prestigious and most expensive of Scotch
whiskies. There are Highland malts, from the Scottish mainland, and
Island malts, produced in the western Isles; the best-known Island
whiskies are distilled on the islands of Islay, Skye and Jura.
- Famous Scottish butter biscuits
- a historic Scots dish, made of minced
spiced sheep's liver, lung and heart, with oats, chopped onion, and
suet. And it is really tasty.
Kilt - traditional
Scottish garment, worn by men instead of trousers, and also by women. A
form of skirt, made from wool, and traditionally patterened in the
wearer's clan tartan. It is formal dress for men, and for Scottish
sound of Scotland, bagpipes are an ancient reed instrument, actually
used in many parts of Europe. The Scottish version, with a chanter and
one or two drones, is more complex and melodious than those found in
many other parts.
Copyright : Website
and texts © About-Britain.com 2009-2015
and stay in Scotland
cottages and b&b's
in Scotland with Booking.com