Tourism in England


What to see and do in Britain


 
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What to see and do in Britain

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Tourism in Britain - monuments, areas and other attractions

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Britain is a rich country!
Rich in monuments, rich in sights, rich in culture. For nearly a thousand years, since England was conquered in 1066 by William the Conqueror, duke of Normandy, the British Isles have developed largely untouched by the wars that caused so much havoc on the European continent. And even if Britain's historic heritage has been on occasions damaged by internal conflicts and even civil war, the country retains to this day an amazing concentration of historic monuments, ancient cities and castles - not to mention its rural heritage, its largely protected coastline, its old pubs and inns, its museums or other attractions.

Here is a small selection of the most important and most popular tourist sites and attractions in Britain.
 

► Best historic cities to visit.

When the Industrial Revolution transformed the country from the 18th century onwards, it largely missed out on the most important cities of the time, to focus around new industrial cities that have since become the country's major cities. Thus, many of the most important historic cities in Britain remained largely untouched by the upheavals of the Industrial age, and remained largely as they were,  with their historic centres, old houses , medieval cathedrals and other monuments  . Here are some cities worth visiting.

    While London is the most visited tourist city in the UK, The university cities of Oxford and Cambridge, with their unparalleled concentration of historic monuments, university buildings from the Middle Ages built for kings, princes and other patrons.
    The city of Chester, south of Liverpool, an architectural gem, a concentration of half-timbered buildings, still following the grid plan of the ancient Roman castrum .
    The Archbishopric cities of Canterbury and York, with their magnificent medieval cathedrals, which are among the most beautiful in Europe.
    Other regional cities such as Exeter, Gloucester, Worcester, Salisbury, Lincoln, Ely, Norwich, Wells or Durham, also with historic centres arranged around a medieval cathedral. See Best English cathedrals .
    The spa towns of the 18th century , especially Bath, Cheltenham and Buxton.

     Click for visitor information for the biggest cities in England.

► Some old villages and small towns which are remarkably well preserved.


    Some examples: Lacock and Castle Combe ( Wiltshire ) Milton Abbas (Dorset) , Rye (Sussex) , Haworth (West Yorkshire )

► Areas of countryside, with their villages

For area guides, see Tourist regions of Britain

England:

Wales:

Scotland:

Castles and Stately homes :

    Britain's magnificent medieval castles;

Here are just some of the best.  Leeds Castle ( Kent ) Arundel and Bodiam (Sussex) , Windsor ( near London) , Berkeley ( Gloucestershire)  Alnwick , Bamburgh or Durham (Northeast England), Caernarvon, Conway, Harlech and Carmarthen (in Wales), Edinburgh and Stirling (in Scotland)

    Renaissance stately homes;

Among the best are Hever Castle (Kent) , Sudeley Castle (Gloucestershire ) or Hampton Court ( London area) .

   Neoclassical chateaux;

Mansions or stately homes built or largely rebuilt during the neoclassical period (17th - 18th centuries ), the most famous of which include Wilton and Longleat (Wiltshire ) , Blenheim Palace (birthplace of Winston Churchill, Oxfordshire ) , Harewood House and Castle Howard (Yorkshire ) or Woburn Abbey (north of London ) .

► Other major sites and monuments , such as:

    Stonehenge - (see Prehistoric Britain) very famous prehistoric monument ( Wiltshire )
    Britain's major industrial heritage sites (see Open air museums) , such as the UNESCO world heritage sites at Ironbridge Gorge (Shropshire), the birthplace of the Industrial Revolution, or the earliest factories, located in the Derwent Valley (Derbyshire) . 

► The English coast -  protected areas and resorts.

     Nearly 10% (over 800 km) of the coast of England belongs to an association, the National Trust, founded in 1895. This was the world's first Association set up with the object of conserving heritage sites and the coastline.  In more than 110 years of existence, it has acquired, through donations or purchases, a good percentage of the most spectacular , environmentally sensitive and typical stretches of the English coastline, putting it out of reach of property developers and speculators. Thus, long stretches of the English coast are protected from development, and open to the public for leisure or hiking.
     The most popular resorts are on the south coast - from Folkestone to Penzance. The north coast of Cornwall is famous for its great Atlantic beaches.
      More details on England's coasts and seasides  and on the coasts of  south west England

► The coasts of Scotland and Wales.

     Large parts of these are also protected. Wales and Scotland having a much lower population density than England, their coast are less frequented than those closer to the urban areas of England.  Long stretches of coastline in Scotland are largely deserted.

► Other attractions and miscellaneous sites

Theme parks:

Britain has a good number of theme parks. The most popular of these are Alton Towers (Staffordshire), Blackpool Pleasure Beach, Thorpe Park (Surrey), Chessington World of Adventure (Surrey), and a score of others.

Living museums and heritage sites

For living museums, see Open air museums
Britain has over a hundred heritage railways, most of them running steam trains (see steam heritage railways) . The best known of these are the Bluebell Line (Sussex), The Severn Valley Railway (west of Birmingham), the Worth Valley line (West Yorkshire), the West Somerset line (near Taunton), the Great Central in Leicestershire (the only double-track preserved railway) and more than 80 others ! The English are great lovers of steam trains.

National parks , heaths and forests.

Most of these are in the north or far west of England.  The most recent area to be classified as a National Park is the New Forest, in Hampshire (near Southampton).

Events:

     Pageants, with extras; numerous stately homes put on historic displays and special events during the summer maonts; these include falconry, historic cars, jopusting, historic reenactments, and more. 


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